Locomotor Conditions –
- Cervical Spondylosis.
- Interscapular pain.
- Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
- Tennis elbow.
- Writers Cramp.
- Wrist Drop.
- Low back ache.
- Sciatic Pain.
- Ankle Joint Sprain.
- Calcaneal Spur.
- Rheumatoid Arthritis.
- Hyper Hydrosis.
Respiratory Disorder –
- Bronchial Asthama.
Gastro Intestinal Disorder –
- Piles & fissures.
Genito Urinary –
- Urinary disorder.
- Nocturnal Enuresis.
- Stress Incontinence.
- Hyper Hydrosis.
Acupuncture procedure first starts with diagnosis. The main methods of diagnosis by the acupuncturist are :
- Listening – to heart,breathing voice etc.
- Asking – history of disorder, sleep pattern, bowel habit.
- Palpating – points on the channel..
- Pulse diagnosis.
- Examining the Ear.
After the diagnosis, the energy imbalance is analysed & accordingly treatment is decided.
Fine needles either Filiform needle or silver needles which are sterilised are inserted in various parts of the body.
The needles are left for 20 – 30 minutes and then removed.
Needling Sensation :
Acupuncture sensation is called deqi. When the needle is inserted into the body there is a slight pain.
In addition to pain there are 4 types of sensation –
It is an indication of the needle having been inserted at the correct point and to the correct depth.
During needling, patient experiences a minute prick on some points whereas in majority of other points it is painless. Sometimes bleeding occurs on withdrawal of the needles. Slight Bruising and ecchymosis at the sight of acupuncture is fairly common and has no dangerous implication. Fainting is a common cause & is related to of hypogalcaemia, tiredness, hunger & general weakness.
It will increase the pain threshold of the patient.
Needles increase the dopamine content of the brain their by producing the sedation effect which can be proved by taking ECG before and after the treatment.
Maintenance of the internal environment of the body in the state of equilibrium is known as homeostasis. That is balanced activities of the sympathetic and parasympathetic division of the autonomous nervous system is homeostasis.
Body resistance to disease is strengthened.
Acupuncture has effect on metabolic chemistry and electrical activities of the brain
- Acupuncture has Hypoglycaemic effect and hence never take acupuncture treatment on empty stomach.
- Always use disposable needles or separate set for each patient.
- Do not cross hands & legs while taking treatment as it creates blockages in the flow of energies.
One sitting of acupuncture session takes 20-30 minutes. The duration of the treatment depends on the history, chronic or acute ailment and how the person’s body accepts the treatment. The result of treatment can be seen as quickly as in 20 minutes.
There are no negative side effects of acupuncture but the positive side effect is increase of sleep, improvement of skin and hair texture, increased vitality etc.
Mechanism of acupuncture:
Gate Control Theory: According to this theory all pain impulse are controlled , modulated and modified by a functional gate, located in substantia gelatinosa of the spinal cord. Under normal circumstance this gate is open allowing impulse an easy passage. The pain impulse comes to the spinal cord via posterior nerve root. Beyond this gate the pain impulse crosses the other side of the spinal cord following the path up the spinothalamic tract to the thalamus and to the cerebral cortex. This is how the patient feels the pain. The whole process is almost instatenous as the pain impulse travels at the rate of one meter per second.
After insertion of acupuncture needle a secondary stream of sensory impulses is generated. This impulse are non painful in character and travel along the large diameter fibers at much faster speed of about 120 meters per second. The two stream of impulse appear simultaneously at the functional gate giving rise to confusion and crowding hence pain is not felt. The immediate reaction is closure of gate causing an elevation in pain threshold so no pain is felt.
Endorphin Release Theory: Analgesic effect of acupuncture is due to the release of hormone called endorphin after needling. Endorphin is a naturally acting neuropeptide and like morphine has a tendency of binding on to the opiate receptors of pain cells.
Traditional Chinese Theory: Ancient Chinese had no knowledge of the nervous system, nor did they know of endorphin or prostaglandin. According to them mechanism of acupuncture depended upon five element , organ clock and pulse diagnosis. They believed as long as flow of energy is free and yin and yang are balanced, the person is healthy, obstruction to the flow of energy results in disease, and by inserting a needle at a particular predetermined points correct all irregularities. They used to take pulse of a patient from which they could judge the energy imbalance which they use to correct with the help of organ clock, five elements theory.